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Bhogeshwari Phukanani

(1885 – 1942) – (Assam)

Bhogeshwari Phukanani

Bhogeshwari Phukanani (Aged 57) born in the Nagaon district of Assam in 1885. She was an Indian independence movement activist during the British Raj and played an important role in the Indian independence struggle.

Despite being a mother of eight and a housewife, Phukanani played an active role in the Quit India Movement. She was active in the Berhampur, Babajia, and Barpujia areas in the Nagaon district of Assam and helped set up offices for the Indian National Congress. In 1930, Phukanani took part in a nonviolent march as an act of civil disobedience against the British authorities and was arrested for picketing.

In 1942, the Berhampur Indian National Congress office was seized by the British authorities and closed. Phukanani and her sons took part in a protest march, and their successful attempt led to the reopening of the Congress office. A celebration of the office’s reopening was held on either 18 September 1942 or two days later. The British sent a large force to reclose the Congress office, possibly to have it destroyed. Phukanani was shot during the protest and died either on 20 September 1942 or three days after an 18 September 1942 injury.

After India gained its independence in 1947, a hospital and an indoor stadium were named after her. The hospital, established in 1854 in Nagaon, Assam, by American Baptist missionary Miles Bronsonis, was later renamed the Bhogeswari Phukanani Civil Hospital. The indoor stadium named after her is situated in Guwahati, Assam.