(1911 – 1931) – (West Bengal)
Dinesh Chandra Gupta known as Dinesh Gupta (Aged 19) a freedom fighter and Indian revolutionary against British rule in India, was born on 6 December 1911 in the village of Josholong in Munshiganj District, Bikrampur, West Bengal, India. He is noted for launching an attack on the Secretariat Building, the Writers’ Building in the Dalhousie Square in Kolkata, along with Badal Gupta and Benoy Basu.
While studying in Dhaka College, Dinesh joined the Bengal Volunteers – a group organized by Subhas Chandra Bose in 1928, on the occasion of the Calcutta session of the Indian National Congress. Soon, the Bengal Volunteers transformed into a more active revolutionary association and planned to eliminate infamous British police officers.
The association targeted Col NS Simpson, the Inspector General of Prisons, who was infamous for the brutal oppression of prisoners in jails. The revolutionaries decided not only to murder him but also to strike terror in the British official circles by launching an attack on the Secretariat Building – the Writers’ Building in the Dalhousie Square in Kolkata.
On 8 December 1930, Dinesh, along with Benoy Basu and Badal Gupta, dressed in European costume, entered the Writers’ Building and shot dead Simpson. The British police started firing, and a brief gunfight ensued between the three young revolutionaries and the police. Some other officers like Twynam, Prentice, and Nelson suffered injuries during the shooting. Soon, the police overpowered them. However, the three did not wish to be arrested. Badal Gupta took Potassium cyanide, while Benoy and Dinesh shot themselves with their own revolvers. Benoy was taken to the hospital, where he died on 13 December 1930.
However, Dinesh survived the near-fatal injury. He was convicted, and the verdict of the trial was death by hanging for anti-government activities and murder. While awaiting execution, Dinesh wrote a number of letters from his prison cell on the heroism of the revolutionaries and his belief in the greatness of self-sacrifice. Dinesh Chandra Gupta was only 19 when he was hanged on 7 July 1931, at Alipore Jail, Kolkata, and West Bengal, India.