Ganesh Vasudev Mavalankar
(1888 – 1956) – (Maharashtra)
Ganesh Vasudev Mavalankar (Aged 68) popularly known as Dadasaheb, was born on 27 November 1888. He was an independence activist, and served as the President of the Central Legislative Assembly (from 1946 to 1947), then Speaker of the Constituent Assembly of India, and later the first Speaker of the Lok Sabha, the lower house of the Parliament of India. His son, Purushottam Mavalankar, was later elected to the Lok Sabha twice from Gujarat.
Mavalankar passed his law examination as First Class in 1912 and entered the legal profession in 1913. He soon came into contact with eminent leaders like Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel and Mahatma Gandhi. In 1919, he was elected to the Ahmedabad Municipality for the first time, and he served as a member of the Ahmedabad Municipality during 1919–22, 1924–27, 1930–33, and 1935–37. He was appointed secretary of the Gujarat Provincial Congress Committee during 1921–22 with the Non-Cooperation Movement. Although he temporarily joined the Swaraj Party in the 1920s, he returned to Gandhi’s Salt Satyagraha in 1930.
Mavalankar remained the President of the Central Legislative Assembly until midnight of 14–15 August 1947 when, under the Indian Independence Act 1947, the Central Legislative Assembly and the Council of States ceased to exist, and the Constituent Assembly of India assumed full powers for the governance of India. Mavalankar was one of the guiding forces with Patel in the educational sphere of Gujarat and was a co-founder of the Ahmadabad Education Society along with Kasturbhai Lalbhai and Amritlal Hargovindas. Furthermore, he, along with Gandhi, Patel, and others, was also one of the proposers of an institution like Gujarat University as early as the 1920s, which later came to be founded in 1949. Mavalankar passed away on 27 February 1956.