(1909 – 2006) – (Andhra Pradesh)
Sardar Gouthu Latchanna (Aged 96) born on was 16 August 1909, Baruva, Srikakulam, Andhra Pradesh, India. He was a prominent leader and freedom fighter in India. He fought for the rights of Farmers, backward classes, and weaker sections. He was arrested at 21 years old for participating in the Salt Satyagraha at Palasa, and later participated in the Quit India Movement. Latchanna received the title Of “sardar” for his fearless fight against British Raj.
He was a leader of the masses, a freedom fighter, and a social reformer who fought against the British Before Independence and continued to fight for farmers, laborers, and the working class afterward. He was a member of the Madras Trade Union Board and played a key role in bringing down the government of Prakasham Panthulu over prohibition issues.
Latchanna participated in the Swaraj movement from a young age and was arrested for his involvement in his salt-cotaurs raid at Naupada in April 1930. He was imprisoned in Rajahmundry central jail for six months after participating in the civil disobedience movement by hoisting the Congress flag at Baruva in 1932.
He founded the “Harijan Seva Sangam” at Baruva after being inspired by Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi’s “fast-unto-death” on the issue of untouchability. Latchanna started a night school in the Harijan-cheri and fought against untouchability at the district level. He also took Harijans to a drinking water well at Baruva and was socially boycotted in response.
Latchanna participated in the Rythu-Rakshana foot-march from Varanasi of Parlakimide estate to hatrapur and organised estate-wise “Zamindari Rythu” associations. He fought for the abolition of the Zamindari system on the plea that Kisans were unable to pay the heavy land revenue levied. In 1941, when Rangoon was bombarded during the Second World War, Latchanna arranged a “Burma refugee’s conference” at Narasannapeta, presided over by N.G. Ranga, to assist Indian labourers who fled to their native land.
Latchanna was actively involved in the separate statehood for Andhra through separation from composite Madras from 1953. He led the tappers Satyagraha in 1954 to secure rehabilitation for unemployed toddy tappers who were affected by the Prohibition Act. He Passed away by 19 April 2006, Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh, India.