(1908 – 1986) – (Bihar)
Jagjivan Ram (Aged 78), also known as Babuji, was born on April 5, 1908 in Chandwa, Bhojpur, Bihar, India. He was an Indian independence activist and politician from Bihar. In 1935, he was instrumental in the foundation of the All India Depressed Classes League, an organization dedicated to attaining equality for untouchables. He was elected to Bihar Legislative Assembly in 1937, after which he organized the rural labor movement.
In 1946, he became the youngest minister in Jawaharlal Nehru’s interim government, the first cabinet of India, as a Labor Minister and also a member of the Constituent Assembly of India.
During his school days, Jagjivan drank water from the Hindu pot, and since he was from an untouchable class, the matter was reported to the Principal. The Principal then placed a third pot for untouchables in the school, but Jagjivan broke this pot twice in protest until the Principal decided against placing the third pot.
In the 1940s, he was imprisoned twice for his active participation in the Satyagraha and the Quit India Movements. He was among the principal leaders who publicly denounced India’s participation in the World War II between the European nations, and for which he was imprisoned in 1940. Jagjivan Ram passed away on July 6, 1986.