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Jawaharlal Nehru

(1889 – 1964) – (Uttar Pradesh)

Jawaharlal Nehru (Aged 75) was born on November 14, 1889, in Allahabad (now known as Prayagraj), Uttar Pradesh, India. His parents were Pandit Motilal Nehru and Swarup Rani, and he was the eldest among his siblings. Until the age of 16, Nehru received his education at home from private governesses and tutors. In October 1907, he went to Trinity College in Cambridge and graduated with an honors degree in natural science in 1910.

After completing his degree in 1910, Nehru moved to London and studied law at Inner Temple. Upon returning to India in August 1912, he enrolled as an advocate of the Allahabad High Court. Nehru was inspired by Mahatma Gandhi’s ideology of fighting British imperialism and joined the freedom struggle. He was first imprisoned in 1929.

Known as the people’s prime minister, Nehru was a statesman, intellectual, and scholar. His policies on the economy, science and technology, international relations, and education designed the future course of the country. Nehru wrote several books, including ‘The Discovery of India’, ‘Glimpses of World History’, and his autobiography, ‘Toward Freedom’. A collection of letters he had written to his daughter, Indira Gandhi, was published as a book: ‘Letters from a Father to His Daughter’. His elder sister, Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit, was the first female president of the United Nations General Assembly, and his youngest sister, Krishna Hutheesing, became a noted writer. Nehru passed away on May 27, 1964, in New Delhi, India.