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K. C. S. Mani

(1922 – 1987) – (Kerala)

K. C. S. Mani (Aged 65) born on 1922, he is also known as Konattu Madam Chidambara Iyer Subrahmania Iyer. He was a socialist activist from Kerala. He is well-known for his attempt to assassinate C. P. Ramaswamy Iyer, the Diwan of Travancore, a princely state in India. This event was a significant turning point in the history of Kerala and forced the Diwan to flee to Madras after agreeing to merge Travancore with the Union of India.

In July 1947, India was preparing for the transfer of power from British colonial rule. All princely states in India were given the choice to either remain independent or join either of the states of India or Pakistan. However, C. P. Ramaswamy Iyer, an efficient ruler but showing signs of dictatorship, wanted to keep Travancore under his control. He decided to make Travancore a sovereign state, with full executive powers vested in the Diwan, which he declared in his American model constitution. This decision was met with opposition from various groups. The Diwan chose to suppress the opposition with brute force.

On 18 July 1947, Chithira Thirunal Balarama Varma, the Maharaja of Travancore, declared that Travancore would announce sovereignty on 26 August, on the advice of the Diwan. On 25 July 1947, when Mani was 25 years old, he attacked the Diwan in front of the former Music Academy (now the Swathi Thirunal College of Music) in Thiruvananthapuram, following a concert in the evening, and wounded Ramaswamy Iyer. Following the incident, the Maharaja informed the Viceroy of India of the decision to join the Union of India. On 19 August 1947, C. P. Ramaswamy Iyer resigned as Diwan.

After India gained independence, Mani served as a member of the local panchayat for more than a decade. He passed away on 20 September 1987.