Chennai, India info@chakrafoundation.org +91

Kanhaiyalal Maneklal Munshi

(1887 – 1971) – (Gujarart)

Kanhaiyalal Maneklal Munshi (Aged 84) born on 30 December 1887, he popularly known by his pen name Ghanshyam Vyas, was an Indian independence movement activist, socialist, politician, writer, and educationist from Gujarat state. He received the degree of LLB in Mumbai in 1910 and registered as a lawyer in the Bombay High Court. One of his professors at Baroda College was Aurobindo Ghosh (later Sri Aurobindo) who had a profound impression on him. He is a well-known name in Gujarati literature and wrote his works in three languages: Gujarati, English, and Hindi.

Munshi founded Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan, an educational trust, in 1938. Before the independence of India, Munshi was part of the Indian National Congress and after independence, he joined the Swatantra Party. In 1927, he was elected to the Bombay legislative assembly but after the Bardoli satyagraha, he resigned under the influence of Mahatma Gandhi.

He participated in the civil disobedience movement in 1930 and was initially arrested for six months. After taking part in the second part of the same movement, he was arrested again and spent two years in jail in 1932. He believed that the future of Hindus and Muslims lay in unity in an “Akhand Hindustan”. Munshi left Congress in 1941 due to dissent but was invited back in 1946 by Mahatma Gandhi. After independence, he was a part of several committees including the Drafting Committee, Advisory Committee, and Sub-Committee on Fundamental Rights. He passed away by 8 February 1971.