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Kasinathuni Nageswara Rao

(1867 – 1938) – (Andhra Pradesh)


Kasinadhuni Nageswararao (Aged 71) was born onĀ  May 1 1867 Pesaramilli, Krishna District, Andhra Pradesh, India, He was better known as Nageswara Rao Pantulu, was an Indian journalist, nationalist, politician, businessman, and a staunch supporter of the Khaddar movement. He actively participated in the Indian independence movement and in the Indian National Congress party, including Mahatma Gandhi’s civil disobedience movement through salt Satyagraha.

The people of Andhra Pradesh conferred upon him the title Desabandhu (Friend of the masses). He was a significant financier of Congress activities in Andhra and Chennai and is also known for patenting Amrutanjan. Nageswara Rao Pantulu founded Amrutanjan Limited in 1893 and invented Amrutanjan pain balm, which soon became a very popular medicine and made him a millionaire.

The Andhra Mahasabha conferred upon him the title Desoddhaaraka (Uplifter of the masses). In 1935, the Andhra University honoured him with Kalaprapoorna, an honorary doctorate of Literature.

Although he showed little interest in politics in his early life, he began to identify with Gandhism, and his upbringing convinced him that Hinduism needed social and religious reform.

He recognized the need for a Telugu language journal to campaign effectively for the freedom struggle and founded a weekly newspaper called Andhra Patrika in 1909 in Bombay. Andhra Patrika became the principal Telugu newspaper. In January 1924, Rao launched a Telugu journal, Bharati.

A postage stamp has been issued to commemorate him. Desodharaka Nageswara Rao Park is a four-acre urban park in Mylapore, Chennai, India. He passed away by 11th April 1938.