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Matangini Hazra

(1870 -1942) – (West Bengal)

Matangini Hazra (Aged 72) affectionately known as Gandhi Buri, was an Indian revolutionary born on 19 October 1870 in Tamluk, West Bengal, India. She actively participated in the Indian independence movement until she was shot dead by the British Indian police in front of the Tamluk Police Station on 29 September 1942.

In 1905, she became interested in the Indian independence movement as a Gandhian. Women’s participation in the freedom struggle in Midnapore was notable, and she was a part of it. She took part in the Non-Cooperation Movement in 1932 and was arrested for breaking the Salt Act. Although she was released, she continued to protest for the abolition of the tax. She was arrested again and incarcerated for six months at Baharampur.

After being released, she became an active member of the Indian National Congress and started spinning her own Khadi. In 1933, she attended the subdivisional Congress conference at Serampore but was injured in the ensuing police baton charge. She passed away on 29 September 1942 in Tamluk, West Bengal, India.