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Pasumpon Muthuramalingam

(1908 – 1963) – (Tamilnadu)

Ukkirapandi Muthuramalinga Thevar (Aged 55) also known as Pasumpon Muthuramalinga Thevar, was born on 30 October 1908 in Ramanathapuram, Tamil Nadu, India. He was a politician and a patriarch of the Thevar community in Tamil Nadu, and he was elected three times to the national Parliamentary Constituency.

During his youth, Muthuramalingam was aided by Kuzhanthaisami Pillai, a close family friend of his father, who took responsibility for arranging Muthuramalingam’s schooling. Muthuramalingam was given private tuition and later attended classes at an elementary school run by American missionaries in Kamuthi. He then attended Pasumalai High School (near Thirupparankundaram) and Union Christian High School in Madurai. However, Muthuramalingam did not complete his studies.

In 1934, Thevar organised a convention at Abhiramam, which urged the authorities to repeal the CTA (The Criminal Tribes Act). During the late 1930s, Thevar became increasingly involved in labour activities, and in 1945, he became the founding president of the TVS Thozhilali Sangam. Thevar joined the Forward Bloc started by Bose, disillusioned by the official Congress leadership which had not revoked the CTA.

Bose visited the state immediately after the formation of the Forward Bloc in 1939, and it was Thevar who played a key role in arranging a rousing reception in Madurai on 6 September. The growing popularity of Thevar as a leader of elements opposing the official Congress leadership in Tamil Nadu troubled the Congress-led government. In February 1948, the Congress expelled all dissenting factions, including the Forward Bloc, which became an independent opposition party. Thevar became its president of its Tamil Nadu state unit, a position he would hold for the rest of his life.

Muthuramalinga Thevar passed away on 30 October 1963 in Thiru Nagar, Madurai, Tamil Nadu, India, at the age of 55. In 1971, his cemetery in Pasumpon was converted into an official memorial, and a life-size portrait of Thevar was installed in the Tamil Nadu assembly in 1980. In 1984, after the bifurcation of the Ramnad District, the ‘Pasumpon Muthuramalingam District’ was created.