Chennai, India info@chakrafoundation.org +91

Puran Chand Joshi

(1907 – 1980) – (Uttarakhand)

Puran Chand Joshi (Aged 73) born on April 14, 1907, belonged to a Kumaoni Hindu family from Almora, Uttarakhand. In 1928, he completed his M.A. from Allahabad University and soon became the General Secretary of the Workers and Peasants Party of Uttar Pradesh, which was formed in Meerut in October 1928.

At the age of 22, in 1929, the British Government arrested him as a suspect in the Meerut Conspiracy Case. Other early communist leaders who were also arrested included Shaukat Usmani, Muzaffar Ahmed, S.A. Dange, and S.V. Ghate.

Joshi was sentenced to six years of transportation to the penal settlement of Andaman Islands. Later, considering his age, the punishment was reduced to three years. After his release in 1933, Joshi worked towards uniting various groups under the Communist Party of India (CPI) banner. In 1934, the CPI was admitted to the Third International or Comintern. Puran Chand Joshi was one of the earliest leaders of the communist movement in India and served as the General Secretary of the Communist Party of India from 1935 to 1947. He passed away on November 9, 1980.