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Ramavriksha Benipuri

(1899 – 1968) – (Bihar)

Ramavriksha Benipuri (Aged 69) was born on December 23, 1899 in Benipur, Bihar, India. He was a freedom fighter, socialist leader, editor, and Hindi writer. Benipuri was born in a small village named Benipur in a Bhumihar Brahmin family in the Indian state of Bihar. He had spent nine years in prison for fighting for India’s independence.

In 1931, Benipuri founded the Bihar Socialist Party and later, in 1934, he founded the Congress Socialist Party. He served as the president of Patna District Congress Committee of the Indian National Congress from 1935 to 1937 during the 1937 Indian provincial elections.

Benipuri took an active part in the agitation against the Rowlatt Act and participated in the Non-cooperation movement launched by Mahatma Gandhi in 1920. He helped Jayaprakash Narayan escape from the Hazaribagh Central Jail. In Hazaribagh Central Jail, he initiated a campaign called “Janaeu Todo Abhiyaan” (Breaking of the Upanayana threads) against casteism. Upanayana threads are the symbol of upper castes, especially Brahmins and Zamindars. He passed away on September 7, 1968 in Muzaffarpur, Bihar, India.