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Sardar P.M. Audikesavalu Naicker

(1898 – 1964) – (Tamilnadu)

Sardar P.M. Audikesavalu Naicker (Aged 66), was born on September 9, 1898, in Korukkupattai, which is now part of Chennai, the capital of Tamil Nadu, India. During his youth, his family moved from Pondicherry to Madras. His grandfather, Krishnaswamy Naicker, was a prominent shell lime merchant in Korukupet. Audikesavalu Naicker received his early education at a local school in Korukupet, where he developed excellent skills in both English and Tamil oratory.

Audikesavalu Naicker’s involvement in the labor movement was influenced by his care for the laborers working in his father’s shop. He actively participated in Sardar Vandemataram Pillai’s Troop, where he associated closely with individuals like Arundale and B.P. Wadia. These associations strengthened the Vandemataram organization. Audikesavalu Naicker followed in his father’s footsteps and became a part of the freedom movement. In his youth, he developed a habit of attending public meetings organized by the Indian National Congress. The speeches delivered by Congress leaders during these meetings ignited his deep interest in the national movement.

His father was an active member of the ‘Vande Mataram Troop,’ and meetings for the Vandemataram troop were often held at their house. Audikesavalu Naicker and his brothers would assist his father in organizing these meetings, where many great leaders participated, and their speeches inspired the young Audikesavalu.In 1908, the annual session of the Indian National Congress took place in Madras, and Satyamurthy was naturally drawn to this significant event. He enrolled under the leadership of Srinivasa Sastri and attended this congress session as one of the young volunteers.

Audikesavalu Naicker started actively participating in the freedom movement in 1909, including involvement in the Non-cooperation movement organized by Mahatma Gandhi. In 1921, when Mahatma Gandhi made a memorable visit to Madras, S. Srinivasa Iyengar was the President of the Madras District Congress committee. During the visit, Gandhiji addressed a public meeting at Marina Beach, and Audikesavalu Naicker had the distinct honor of delivering the welcome speech. Audikesavalu Naicker played a significant role in spreading the Congress movement in the city of Madras and across the present Chinglepet District. The year 1930 witnessed disturbances in Madras due to the activities of satyagrahis, and Audikesavalu Naicker actively participated in the Civil Disobedience Movement, led by Satyamurthy, including the Salt Satyagraha. He continued his dedication to the national cause until his passing on September 9, 1964.