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Sarojini Naidu

(1879 – 1949) – (Telangana)

Sarojini Chattopadhyay (Aged 70) an Indian political activist and poet, was born on 13 February 1879 in Hyderabad, Telangana, India. She was an advocate of civil rights, women’s emancipation, and anti-imperialistic ideas and played a significant role in India’s struggle for independence from colonial rule. Mahatma Gandhi gave her the nickname “Bharat Kokila” or “the Nightingale of India” because of the colorful imagery and lyrical quality of her poetry.

Naidu was born into a Bengali family in Hyderabad and received her education in Madras, London, and Cambridge. After working as a suffragist in England, she joined the Indian National Congress’ movement for India’s independence from British rule. She became a follower of Mahatma Gandhi and his idea of swaraj and was appointed as the President of the Indian National Congress in 1925. Later, in 1947, she became the Governor of the United Provinces, becoming the first woman to hold the office of Governor in the Dominion of India.

Naidu’s poetry includes both children’s poems and others written on more serious themes like patriotism, romance, and tragedy. “In the Bazaars of Hyderabad,” published in 1912, remains one of her most popular poems. She married Govindarajulu Naidu, a general physician, and had four children. She passed away on 2 March 1949 due to a cardiac arrest.