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Shrish Chandra Ghosh

(1887 – 1941) – (West Bengal)

Shrish Chandra (Aged 54) was born to Birajkrishna and Mahamaya in 1887 in the Subaldaha village of Burdwan district, West Bengal, India. He completed his early education at the Subaldaha village pathsala, currently known as Rashbehari Bose F.P School. He studied at Dupleix College, which is now known as Chandernagore Government College, and became friends with Ras Bihari Bose. They were both inspired by Professor Charuchandra Roy, a nationalist teacher from Chandannagar.

In 1905, Ghosh passed the entrance examination, but due to financial difficulties, he left college and started working temporarily for the Hitabadi magazine. Ghosh actively participated in the movement against the Partition of Bengal in 1905 and became involved in various revolutionary activities. While working for Hitabadi magazine, he met Indian nationalist leader Sakharam Ganesh Deuskar.

Ghosh learned how to manufacture bombs in Maniktala, Kolkata, and suggested to Ras Bihari to assassinate Viceroy Lord Charles Hardinge. He was involved in several revolutionary activities, including attempting to assassinate Tardival, the Mayor of Chandernagore, handing over a revolver to Kanailal Dutta in Alipore Central Jail to kill the approver Naren Gnoswami, and taking part in the Rodda Company arms heist.

Following Ras Bihari Bose’s instructions, Ghosh established liaisons among revolutionaries from various states in India. He traveled across the country to reorganize the freedom movement under Bose’s leadership and returned safely to Chandannagar, a French territory, where the British police could not track him down. Ghosh also helped arrange a safe house for Aurobindo Ghosh in 1910 and for several other revolutionaries with the help of Motilal Roy, another senior freedom fighter from the Chandannagar group. Despite repeated attempts, the British police and intelligence failed to arrest him. The British authorities had even appealed to the French administration in Chandannagar to expel him. Police commissioner Charles Tegart identified him as one of the most dangerous persons. In 1915, Ghosh was finally arrested at the Howrah Station while accompanying his cousin sister to her in-laws’ home.

After his release, Ghosh devoted himself to constructive work for the Prabartak Sangha. However, after the setback of the armed uprising, he became frustrated. Suffering from poverty and persecution, he lost his mental balance and committed suicide on May 2, 1941, by consuming opium.