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Theerar S Satyamurti

(1887 – 1943) – (Tamilnadu)

Sundara Sastri Satyamurti (Aged 56) was born on August 19, 1887, in Thirumayam, Pudukkottai, Tamil Nadu, India. He was an Indian independence activist and politician who was renowned for his oratory skills. Satyamurti was one of the leading politicians of the Indian National Congress from the Madras Presidency, alongside S. Srinivasa Iyengar, C. Rajagopalachari, and T. Prakasam. He is considered the mentor of K. Kamaraj, who served as the Chief Minister of Madras State from 1954 to 1962.

Satyamurti attended Maharajah’s College, Madras Christian College, and Madras Law College. After working as a lawyer for some time, Satyamurti entered politics at the suggestion of S. Srinivasa Iyengar, who later became his mentor. He participated in protests against the Partition of Bengal, the Rowlett Act, the Jallianwala Bagh massacre, and the Simon Commission.

Satyamurti was imprisoned in 1942 for his activities during the Quit India Movement. He was later released but died on March 28, 1943, due to heart failure. Satyamurti served as the President of the provincial wing of the Swaraj Party from 1930 to 1934 and the Tamil Nadu Congress Committee from 1936 to 1939. He was a member of the Imperial Legislative Council from 1934 to 1940 and served as the Mayor of Madras from 1939 to 1943.

Satyamurti was known for his honesty, integrity, belief in racial, communal and religious harmony and equality, and his firm belief in constitutional government and parliamentary democracy in India. He took a view opposed to Gandhi’s in the 1920s, which was not for participating in the colonial legislature. He was also strongly opposed to the Caste System in Hinduism. The Poondi reservoir is the only reservoir built solely for the purpose of Madras water requirements, and Satyamurti’s work led to him being called Dheerar. He passed away on March 28, 1943, in Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.