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Babu Prithvi Singh Azad

(Punjab)

Babu Prithvi Singh Azad was born in the village of Labru in Patiala, Punjab. He was one of the founder members of the Gaddar Party and was sentenced to death in the Lahore Conspiracy Case in 1915. However, this sentence was later commuted to life imprisonment on appeal.

He was then deported to the Cellular Jail in the Andaman Islands. In 1922, he was repatriated to the mainland and while being transferred to Nagpur Central Jail, he managed to escape from police custody from a running mail train on November 29, 1922. From that point on, he lived underground for sixteen years. In 1938, he voluntarily surrendered to Mahatma Gandhi but was once again arrested by the British Government. After a year, he was released due to the outbreak of World War II in 1939.