(1845 – 1893) – (Uttar Pradesh)
Birjis Qadr (Aged 48) was born on August 20, 1845, in Qaisar Bagh, Uttar Pradesh, India. He was appointed as the Nawab of Awadh in 1857, following the outbreak of the Sepoy Mutiny, and his mother became his regent. He and his mother provided strong resistance against the British forces during the rebellion, but they fled to Kathmandu in Nepal in 1858 after the capture of Lucknow. In Kathmandu, Qadr became a poet and organized mushairas (poetry recitals).
During the Battle of Chinhat in 1857, the rebel forces, led by Begum Hazrat, achieved a decisive victory over the British. Subsequently, Qadr was declared the Nawab of Awadh by his mother, under the persuasion of Jailal Singh, the chief spokesman of the rebel army. He was coronated with wide support from court nobles. Qadr then wrote to Mughal emperor Bahadur Shah II, requesting confirmation of his regency, which was granted, and he was awarded the title of Wazir.
In May 1858, Qadr wrote a letter to Jung Bahadur Rana, the Prime Minister of Nepal, accusing the British of corrupting the faiths of Hindus and Muslims in the state, and urging him to send troops to Awadh to fight against the British. However, Rana refused to help Qadr and suggested that he should surrender to the commissioner of Lucknow and seek pardon.
After most of the local rebels were defeated and subjected to severe punishment by the British, Qadr and his mother fled to Kathmandu and took refuge there. During his stay in Kathmandu, Qadr became a poet and organized mehfils in the city, with the earliest of them being recorded in 1864. In 1887, he returned to India and settled in Metiabruz, a neighborhood of Kolkata. However, he was allegedly murdered by his own relatives in Kolkata on August 14, 1893.