Chennai, India info@chakrafoundation.org +91

Dhanwantri

(1902 – 1953) – (Jammu & Kashmir)

Comrade Dhanwantri (Aged 51), a freedom fighter and one of the founders of the Communist Party of India in Jammu and Kashmir, was born on 7 March 1902. Like many other young revolutionary students, he joined the Nau Jawan Bharat Sabha and Socialist Republican Army, the clandestine organizations formed to overthrow British rule.

Dhanwantri was the ideologue and activist of the Revolutionary Group led by Bhagat Singh and Chander Shekhar Azad, who had the vision and program to liberate India from British Imperialist slavery and make India a socialist state. He accompanied Bhagat Singh when Sounders, the British police officer responsible for killing Lala Lajpat Rai, was killed in Lahore in 1928.

He was arrested on 17 December 1929, released after a month-long interrogation and torture, and went underground on 4 December 1930. He shot at the SP who was investigating the case against Bhagat Singh in Chandni Chowk, Delhi. The SP was grievously hurt, but his associate was killed. He was subjected to forced feeding several times when he observed prolonged hunger-strikes for various causes. His food pipe deep down up to his chest had been disfigured and disjoined on that account. To protest against logging of political prisoner in the Andaman jail meant for hardened criminals, Dhanwantri led a successful Hunger Strike for 61 days.

In the early 1940s, Dhanwantri returned to Jammu and founded and guided movements of farmers, youth, students, and writers. His arrival brought about a qualitative change in the political scenario of the state. He established a unit of the Communist Party. He passed away on 13 July 1953 at the age of 51 in his native place Jammu.