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Kalpana Datta

(1913 -1995) – (West Bengal)

Kalpana Datta also known as Kalpana Joshi (Aged 82) was born on 27 July 1913 in Sripur, a village in the Chittagong District of West Bengal, India. She was an Indian independence movement activist and a member of the Bengal Province of British India. Her father, Binod Behari Dattagupta, was a government employee. After passing her matriculation examination in 1929 from Chittagong, she went to Calcutta and joined Bethune College to pursue a degree in Science.

She soon became a member of the Chhatri Sangha (Women Students Association), a semi-revolutionary organization in which Bina Das and Pritilata Waddedar were also active members. The Chittagong armory raid was carried out on 18 April 1930. Kalpana joined the “Indian Republican Army, Chattagram branch”, the armed resistance group led by Surya Sen in May 1931.

In September 1931, Surya Sen entrusted her, along with Pritilata Waddedar, to attack the European Club in Chittagong. However, a week before the attack, she was arrested while carrying out reconnaissance of the area. She went underground after her release on bail. On 16 February 1933, the police encircled their hiding place in Gairala village, and during that raid, Surya Sen was arrested but Kalpana was able to escape. She was finally arrested on 19 May 1933. In the second supplementary trial of the Chittagong armory raid case, Kalpana was sentenced to transportation for life. She was released in 1939.

Kalpana Datta graduated from the University of Calcutta in 1940 and joined the Communist Party of India. She served as a relief worker during the 1943 Bengal famine and the Partition of Bengal. She passed away on 8 February 1995 in New Delhi, India.