Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi
(1869 – 1948) – (Gujarart)
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (Aged 79) was born on 2 October 1869 into a Gujarati Hindu Modh Bania family in Porbandar (also known as Sudamapuri),His father, Karamchand Uttamchand Gandhi (1822–1885), served as the dewan (chief minister) of Porbandar state.Karamchand and Putlibai had three children over the ensuing decade.On 2 October 1869, Putlibai gave birth to her last child, Mohandas. On 10 August 1888, Gandhi aged 18, left Porbandar for Mumbai,on 4 September, he sailed from Bombay to London. Gandhi attended University College, London,he enrolled at Inner Temple with the intention of becoming a barrister.
Mahatma Gandhi is known as the Father of the Nation in India and is considered a key figure in driving the country towards achieving freedom from the British. Some of his famous contributions to the Indian freedom movement include:
World War I: Lord Chelmsford invited Gandhi to a War Conference in Delhi during World War I, where Gandhi agreed to encourage people to enlist in the army, but vowed not to harm anyone.
Champaran: The Champaran agitation in Bihar was Gandhi’s first active involvement in Indian freedom politics. He used non-violent protest to win concessions for farmers being forced to grow Indigo.
Kheda: In Kheda, Gujarat, Gandhi led a signature campaign and social boycott to waive off taxes for flood-affected farmers. The government relaxed payment conditions until the famine ended.
Khilafat Movement: Gandhi played a prominent role in the Khilafat Movement, fighting against the collapsing status of the Muslim Caliph.
Non-cooperation Movement: Gandhi called for a non-cooperation movement, with the goal of Swaraj or self-governance. The Jallianwala Bagh Massacre triggered the movement.
Salt March: The Salt March, where Gandhi marched 388km to make salt in Gujarat, is considered a pivotal incident in the freedom struggle.
Quit India Movement: During World War II, Gandhi protested against Indian involvement in the war and initiated the Quit India Movement, which secured the exit of the British Empire from India within half a decade.
Mahatma Gandhi was assassinated on January 30, 1948, at Birla House in New Delhi, India, by Nathuram Godse.