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Mohanlal K Pandya

(1872 – 1935) – (Gujarart)

Mohanlal Kameshwar Pandya (Aged 63) was born on June 21, 1872, in Kathlal, Kheda District, Gujarat, India. He received his primary and secondary education in Nadiad and graduated in agricultural sciences from Mumbai University in 1902. Initially, Mohanlal worked as an officer in the agricultural department of Gondal state and later transferred to Baroda state. Subsequently, he transitioned to the freedom struggle and lived underground from 1911 to 1915. During this period, he organized clandestine activities, working closely with a group of revolutionaries in Gujarat. Mohanlal established a secret printing press in the jungle, producing literature on bomb-making, including works titled ‘Vanaspati ni Davao’ (Medicinal herbs) and ‘Sabubanavavanirito’ (How to make soap). He left his job with the Vadodara state in 1911 and attended a political conference with Narhari Parikh in 1917.

Mohanlal played a significant role in the Kheda satyagraha, where he was famously known as the ‘Dungalichor’ (the onion thief) for taking onions from government-seized farms. He led 75 volunteer groups from Gujarat in the Nagpur flag movement in 1923, resulting in a one-year imprisonment. In 1927, he engaged in flood relief work, and in 1928, he served as a commander in a Bardoli satyagraha camp, facing imprisonment once again. He collaborated with Ravishankar Maharaj during the Dandi March in 1930, leading to his incarceration from 1930 to 1932. Mohanlal remained actively involved with the Raniparaj Parishad of Bardoli Taluka and passed away on May 14, 1935.