N. P. Nayar
(1913 – 2011) – (Kerala)
N. Parameswaran Nayar (Aged 98) also known as N. P. Nayar, was an Indian freedom fighter and author from Kollam, born on December 10, 1913. He received his education from Anchalummood Public School and Kollam Boys High School. After completing his Intermediate studies, he earned a B.A. in Chemistry in 1934 from Travancore Science College. He started his career as a chemist in agricultural research in Malaya.
In 1943, Nayar resigned from his job and joined Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose’s Azad Hind Dal as a civil administrator. During Operation U in April–June 1944, he served as Superintendent of Stocks at the Jayawadi complex. He was then transferred to Mawlamyine in Lower Burma. Later, he was arrested by the British and sent to jail. He was released from jail in June 1946.
Nayar joined the agriculture department of Madras Presidency as an agricultural research analyst in 1946 and worked there until 1950. Afterward, he returned to Kollam at the request of Mannathu Padmanabhan and worked as a teacher in NSS schools, eventually retiring as headmaster from NSS High School for Boys, Pandalam in 1974.
In 1992, Nayar founded the non-profit organization Netaji Smarak Nidhi in Kollam. He was a member of Kerala Ex-INA Association and Kerala Freedom Fighters’ Association. Nayar wrote several books on the freedom movement, the life and times of Bose, and the disappearance mystery of Bose. He also wrote a translation INA-yum Netaji-yum and a travelogue Andamaniloode. For the Kerala education department, he wrote the books Sphotakavasthukkal and Railway – Innale, Innu, Naale. He passed away on January 23, 2011.