Rajendra Nath Lahiri
(1901 – 1927) – (Uttar Pradesh)
Rajendra Nath Lahiri (Aged 26), the mastermind behind the Kagori conspiracy and the Dakshineshwar blasts, was an Indian revolutionary who was an active member of the Hindustan Republican Party, which aimed to expel the British from India. Born in present-day Bangladesh, he earned his MA in History from the Hindu University of Banaras during the onset of the revolutionary movement in Uttar Pradesh.
Lahiri joined the Hindustan Republican Party with many Bengali friends. Among the Kagori martyrs, the names of Ashfaqullah Khan, Ram Prasad Bismillah, and Roshan Singh are well remembered by every Indian, mainly because they were hanged on the same date, December 19, 1927, in Konda prison. However, the name of the fourth martyr, Rajendranath Lahiri, who was hanged two days earlier on December 17, 1927, is largely forgotten.
Lahiri can be seen as a symbol of the transformation that the Indian revolutionary movement went through in the late 1920s. Ideologically, the revolutionary movement evolved from anti-British nationalism to socialism. In matters of religious belief, there was a shift towards atheism.